An analysis of the poem "Nate" by Mayakovsky: what to look for
It would seem that Mayakovsky's poem "Nate"it's only four stanzas, nineteen lines of text, but on them you can make a full analysis of the artwork. Let's find out how to do it by all the rules.
Today, when the works of VladimirVladimirovich is rightly considered to be classical and enter the school curriculum, we have the right to analyze his texts not only as literary scholars, but also as psychologists.
In 1913, when the poem was written"Nate", Mayakovsky noted only his twentieth birthday. His soul, like any talented young man, requires action, a reassessment of values by society, and strives to give all to his credit, if only in poetry. The poet calls himself violent, wild, which in reality should be considered not so much as physical aggression, as verbal, directed against injustice. It is thanks to these qualities that the poet will be judged by a new power - not ideal, but new, and therefore sung by Mayakovsky.
The emptiness of the aristocracy
The poet is convinced: creativity is perceived by a layer of pseudo-aristocracy as a food product. They do not want to take deep meaning and have one intention - to entertain themselves while listening to rhymed phrases. The author decides to speak directly, without hints, and does so throughout all years of work, this is evident from the analysis of Mayakovsky's poem "Nate".
In the future, he calls himself a "poet-proletarian"will glorify the development of technology and the movement of society towards a brighter future, while fighting at the same time with those whose consciousness remains in imperial Russia. Already in early art this struggle takes on a pronounced character.
Words and syllable
Verses Mayakovsky - this is a cry, these are words,said in the shout. He says that he hammers nails with a hammer: not just the whole stanzas of his works are lines with the length of one word, shifted by tabulation in order to perceive the reader's rhythm and size.
Mention in the analysis of Mayakovsky's poem"Nate" and the choice of words: "shells of things", "rude Hun", "flabby fat". Is such a vocabulary typical for the poet? Why do you think he chose these words, and not any others?
Pay attention to the phonetic component,rhymes. Mayakovsky often resorts to alliteration - the repetition of certain sets of consonants in different words. Moreover, the manner of the poet can be rhymed in a separate, invented way. The whole stanza, in his opinion, should look like one, and the words in it should all be related not only by meaning, but also by phonetics.
Epithets and metaphors, exaggeration andunderstatement, aggressive sarcasm, taking the form of accusation, are inherent in the creativity of the author as a whole. An analysis of Mayakovsky's poem "Nate" provides examples of an uncompromising attitude to the listener: "your flabby fat ...", "you ... perish, dirty ...", "spit in your face ...".
The purpose of such treatment is not to offend, but to givethink, snatch a person from the cozy world of consumption of the aesthetics of creativity and show the true meaning of poetry: raise problems, then solve them; to focus attention of the public on the sick places, to step in this way on the old unhealthy corn.
Protection of the poet
At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the role of the poethas acquired an entertaining character. If in the time of Pushkin, whose creativity was loved and appreciated by Mayakovsky, the poet in the public consciousness occupied a somewhat privileged position, then on the eve of the revolution he became an instrument for the entertainment of the tavern public. The poet decides to withdraw from attempts to revive the prestige of his profession "from a third party" and directly declares to his people about injustice. It should be mentioned about this in his work on the analysis of Mayakovsky's poem "Nate".
Also worth exploring is a fragment of the poet's biography. How was the studied poem perceived by society? How did the authorities react, and was there any reaction at all? Did the work contribute to the promotion of Mayakovsky's creativity to the masses and why?
Teachers love when students and studentsgo beyond the bounds of mandatory and recommended literature, referring to additional sources. Therefore, it will not be superfluous to show interest in performing the analysis of Nate by Mayakovsky, and the teacher will note this by raising the score or closing his eyes to minor shortcomings. Intent is praiseworthy in itself, especially if students are usually not enthusiastic in their classes.
No matter how radical the approach isthe poet-proletarian to the conviction of the masses and the promotion of his point of view on resonant questions, the fact remains that his work had a noticeable influence on the formation of both the image of the new government and the futuristic trend in literature. The poem "Nate" by Mayakovsky is one of the first bells to become an important figure in the national culture, and every student should read his works (even the most famous ones).