Day of national unity: everything about the holiday
Eight years ago the State Duma of ourThe country adopted several amendments to the Federal Law concerning the victorious days celebrated in our country. One of such amendments was the introduction of a new holiday for Russians, which was named the Day of National Unity. It turned out that the other holiday (Day of Concord and Reconciliation), which had been celebrated by the whole country on November 7, actually ended up being postponed to November 4. According to the opinion of most people, the main reason for moving the date is the desire of the current authorities to completely eliminate everything associated with the October Revolution of 1917, the anniversary of which falls on the seventh of November.
And since November 4, 2005The Day of National Unity in Russia is celebrated, which is now considered a state weekend. Various social movements and political parties organize marches, rallies, charitable events, sports events, music concerts and other performances.
Alas, most of those who finish school, immediatelyIt also seeks to oust information from the memory of subjects that they were not interested in, in particular, knowledge of the history of our state. The fact is that today's Day of National Unity is rooted in the heroic and glorious events of four centuries ago! Then, on November 4, 1612, our ancestors rallied and performed a feat in the name of independence and freedom of the Motherland.
This holiday has a special meaning. Our country throughout its history many times been subjected to severe trials, experiencing the times of hostility. When we were weak, neighbors attacked us, trying to enslave the Russian people and seize the territory. These were bloody times. But there were times in Russia's memory, called vague (or simply Troubles), when the Russians themselves lost both faith and reason, unable to distinguish truth from falsehood, good from evil, when mutual insults and the thirst for power overtook their eyes. And again our enemies used this.
The beginning of the 17th century was marked by a terrible famine,lasting almost three years and the mass morale of Russians. At this time in Poland allegedly survived the heir to the throne, Dmitry Fedorovich, later named False Dmitri I. Many of our ancestors believed him, because the country was then almost on the verge of death, so the Pole quickly entered Moscow in 1601 and took the throne of the king . After the death of False Dmitry I in Russia began to rule Basil Shuysky, after his death in Moscow, introduced "Semiboyarschinu." However, this government, realizing the imminent popular indignation, decided to make the new king of Prince Wladyslaw of Poland, for which in 1610, the Polish troops secretly admitted to Moscow and the Kremlin. Thus, the disunited Russia has lost its independence.
In 1612 the merchant Minin spoke on the square in front ofNizhny Novgorod people, urging the Russians to unite in order not to perish, and to save Russia from the Poles, sparing no lives. Prince Pozharsky became the head of the people's militia, which numbered more than 100 thousand people. And they moved, of course, to Moscow. November 4 was marked by a great fight of the militia with the Poles, as a result of which the Russians defended their homeland. By the way, this is the only remarkable example in our history when it was the people who decided the fate of their country, demonstrating an example of cohesion and heroism, regardless of religion, origin and social status. Since then, the Russian people celebrated the holiday, called the Day of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God. And so it was until the 17th revolution. Therefore, the Day of National Unity, which is celebrated in our time, is by no means a new invention of modern power, and the date is not taken from the ceiling. It is rather a return to the old and very glorious tradition.
As in all other holidays, Russians are used tocongratulate each other on the Day of Unity in oral and written form. As a rule, congratulations on the Day of Unity are aimed at the desire for peace throughout the world, harmony, friendship, understanding between different groups of people who inhabit our multinational country.
The Day of National Unity is very relevant for us all, because today everything in Russia is not all peaceful, but few people remember the feat of the Russian people under the leadership of Minin and Pozharsky.