"Dolgit" (gel): instructions for use, feedback
Why do you need Dolgit (gel)? Instructions for using this local tool will be described below. Also, we will tell you about what contraindications are available for the medication in question, whether it has side reactions, what its composition and so on. At the very end of the article, you will find out what this drug can be replaced and how patients respond about it.
External medicinal product "Dolgit" (gel): composition and packing
This means is 5% gel for external use. It is transparent, colorless and has a characteristic odor. In 1 gram of the drug contains 50 mg of an active ingredient, such as ibuprofen. As for the additional substances, they include isopropyl alcohol, lavender oil, solketal, purified water, poloxamer, nerol and triglyceride medium chain.
In what packaging is Dolgit sold? The gel for external use goes to pharmacies in aluminum tubes of 20, 50 and 100 g (placed in cardboard packs).
Another form of release
In what other form is the Dolgit medication manufactured? Gel or cream - which is better? It is difficult to answer this question unequivocally. After all, both of them manifest themselves as effectively as possible.
Cream "Dolgit" contains the same activesubstance (ibuprofen), as well as gel. As for the additional components, they include triglycerides, sodium methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, glycerol (or glycerin), gummil xanthan, propylene glycol, purified water, lavender and nerol oil.
In pharmacies, this form of release can be purchased in aluminum tubes of 20, 50 or 100 g (placed in cardboard packs).
Pharmacological properties of medicament
What is the drug "Dolgit" (gel)? Instructions for use, reviews of this product contain information that it is a non-steroidal agent for external use.
The gel has a local antiexudative,analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. The active component of the drug (ibuprofen) effectively inhibits the biosynthesis of prostaglandins, that is, inflammatory mediators.
Medication is able to induce weakening, as well ascompletely eliminate pain syndromes (including pain in joints during movement and at rest), reduce morning stiffness and swelling of the joints. In addition, this gel helps increase the number of movements.
Pharmacokinetics of the external agent
Is the Dolgit (gel) medication absorbed? The instruction for this drug states that it is intended for local use only. In this regard, the concentration of active substance in the synovial fluid reaches only 1.45 μg / ml. It should also be noted that this medication is excreted mainly with urine.
Features of the drug
What features does Dolgit (gel) have? The instruction for the use of this remedy states that all of its therapeutic effects are due to the presence of an active element, such as ibuprofen. It is this substance that promotes anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic action.
After applying the cream or gel, he quicklyterminates the inflammatory process and reduces the penetration of fluid into the cavity and tissue. A wide spectrum of action of the drug is due to the blocking of the synthesis of specific substances - leukotrienes and prostaglandins, which combine into a group of eicosanoids. By the way, the latter are the mediators of inflammation. In other words, eicosanoids are substances that on the tissue and cellular level provoke the development of inflammation and its support. In addition, they stimulate the release of liquids into the tissues, forming swelling, and also affect the receptors, causing severe pain.
Among other things, eicosanoids quickly lead to reddening of the damaged area. They also contribute to the violation of its normal operation.
From all of the above, we can safely conclude that eicosanoids cause all known signs of inflammation (swelling, redness, a feeling of pain and heat, a violation of the function).
Principle of drug action
How does the drug "Dolgit" (gel) work? Instructions for use says that ibuprofen blocks the formation of eicosanoids, thereby preventing the development of inflammation. Therefore, this drug quickly relieves pain, swelling, stiffness and significantly improves the mobility of joints.
The effect of the drug appears approximately 15-25 minutes after direct application. This exposure lasts for several hours (about 5).
It should also be noted that in somesources of the mechanism of action of the drug in question is described as follows: it blocks the enzyme - COX, which, in fact, synthesizes eicosanoids from arachidonic acid, which is a structural element of the membranes of all cells of the body.
When applied to the affected area of the joints, the gel is quickly absorbed into the synovial fluid, from which it enters the blood in small portions, and is also excreted by the kidneys.
Indications for the use of gel
For what purposes do you use the drug "Dolgit"(gel)? Instruction for use includes information that it is most often prescribed for degenerative and inflammatory diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
So, let's consider a list of indications for using this tool:
- rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis;
- periarthritis of shoulder-scapular;
- exacerbation of gout and joint syndrome with such a deviation as rheumatism;
- Bechterew's disease (or ankylosing spondylitis);
- osteochondrosis (especially with radicular syndrome);
- osteoarthritis deforming;
- tendovaginitis, tendivitis and bursitis.
It should also be noted that this toolis actively used in myalgia, which has non-rheumatic and rheumatic origin. In addition, such a gel can be prescribed for sports, industrial or domestic injuries without disrupting the integrity of soft tissues (for example, with stretching, dislocations, muscle or ligament ruptures, bruises and posttraumatic swelling of soft tissues).
Contraindications to the use of gel
In what cases, can not use the drug "Dolgit" (gel)? Instructions for use include the following list of contraindications:
- period of pregnancy;
- wetting dermatoses;
- infected abrasions and wounds;
- lactation time;
- children under 1 year;
- increased sensitivity of the patient to ibuprofen and other components of the drug;
- the presence of asthma attacks in the bronchial (in the anamnesis) or other manifestations of allergy, which are associated with the use of acetylsalicylic acid and other NSAIDs.
Dosage of the drug
Now you know what the drug "Dolgit" (gel) is. For what this remedy is assigned, we also found out. Now I want to tell you about how to use this medication.
To eliminate pain syndromes, as well as treatmentinflammation of a strip of gel length of about 7-10 centimeters are applied to the skin in the area of the affected area, and then carefully rubbed with light massage movements. In this case, the entire product must be completely absorbed.
According to the attached instructions, apply thisthe medicine on the skin should be no less than 3-4 times a day. I also want to point out that the gel should never be used under airtight and covering bandages.
In severe cases, the local drug is recommended to be combined with oral administration of non-steroidal agents.
How to use the cream?
As mentioned above, the drug "Dolgit" has twodifferent forms. How to use the gel, we told above. As for the cream, it is also applied to the skin (a strip of 5-10 centimeters long) in the area of the painful area, and then carefully rubbed to the full absorption of the drug.
The course of treatment should not exceed 10 days without consulting a doctor.
Overdose with an external agent
Have there been cases of drug overdoseThe Dolgit? Gel for children and adults should be prescribed only by a doctor. In case of improper application (in high volumes and on large surfaces of the skin), the drug can cause the following symptoms of an overdose: abdominal pain, drowsiness, nausea, headaches and vomiting. By the way, the same signs occur in humans and with accidental ingestion of the drug into the oral cavity.
What to do in case of an overdose of gel? You must immediately remove the remnants of the product from the surface of the skin or from the mouth. If the drug is ingested (in large quantities), the patient is shown to wash the stomach, as well as the use of salt and laxative solutions.
As for the cases of overdoses with cream "Dolgit", at present they are not available.
Side effects after applying the gel
In some cases, the use of the gel "Dolgit" can cause allergic reactions (bronchospasm, flushing of the skin, rash, swelling, burning sensation, itching and tingling of the skin).
When these effects occur, as well as other unusual reactions, the drug should be discontinued immediately. The possibility of further use of the medication is determined only by the doctor.
Special instructions for the use of external means
Before using this tool, you should always consult a doctor, and also read the enclosed instructions.
The medicament in question is strictly forbidden to be applied to the open wound surface, as well as damaged skin and mucous membranes (avoid contact with the eyes).
If the treatment is ineffective, you need to consult a doctor.
In severe cases, local therapy should be combined with non-steroidal oral agents.
The medication "Dolgit" in the form of a cream is extremelyit is recommended to use for the treatment of children under 12 years (especially without a doctor's prior consultation). As for the gel, it can be applied to the skin of the child from one year.
Analogues of the medicinal product
What can replace the drug "Dolgit" (gel)? Analogues of this remedy are in all pharmacies. Among them, we can mention the following medicines: Arthrum, Diklobene, Bioran, Diklovit, Bystrumgel, Diklak, Diclofenac, Valusal, Diclonat, Voltaren Emulgel, Diklogen "," Deep Relief "," Dicloran "," Indomethacin "," Naiz "," Ketoprofen "," Revmon "," Fastum "," Orthoflex "and so on.
Reviews of the outdoor facility
Most of the reviews on the gel or cream "Dolgit"is positive. This is due to the fact that this drug has a fairly high efficiency, it helps to cope with the pain, as well as minor injuries that can occur quite unexpectedly.
It should also be noted that both forms of the drug are often used for stretched ligaments and muscles, dislocations, bruises of joints and muscles, back pain, nerve injuries, and so on.
When treating pain syndromes of different genesis, this remedy produces a good effect, and also does not cause unpleasant sensations (unlike warming creams).