Dracaena: types, photos, titles. All about the care of the dragonza at home: tips and tricks
Types and names of home dracaena with photo
Most often found in amateur florist. In nature, this plant grows to 6 meters. In pots, it forms a slender and bare trunk. The plant is characterized by elongated leaves with a yellow border on the edges.
This species has varieties with leaves of predominantly white and green hue (Bicolor), as well as with red, white and golden hues (Tricolor). There are plants with completely pink foliage.
This type of leaves has a lot, the trunk is covered with them completely. The green color of the leaves comes in combination with golden, white and yellow shades. The leaves are much wider than the previous species.
This species also has several varieties that differ in leaf color, with different stripes along the edge: from gray to green and wide white edging.
And one more popular type - fragrant.Named so, thanks to the pleasant smell emitted by the inflorescences of the plant.
Varieties of this species reach a height of 50 cm and have bright yellow-green foliage.
How to care for the dragon plant
In order for the plant to grow well, it is necessary to observe several conditions, which include such as temperature, lighting, watering and fertilizer or fertilizing.
The optimum temperature will be at least 15 ° C
As for lighting, the plant does not tolerate direct sunlight. However, it does not like too shaded areas. Moreover, for plants with variegated leaves, light is needed more than for those with green leaves. In winter, the dragon season is best kept closer to the window. Artificial lighting is also suitable.
As for watering, in the summer it is necessary to do this often and abundantly, in the winter less often. However, it is not necessary to pour, so that the water stagnated in the pot, as well as too dry the soil.
Water must be separated, warm. In the summer, water every other day. If the leaves begin to dry, then water a little more. Also in the summer it is necessary to periodically spray the leaves with water at room temperature.
From April to August, when the plant grows, every two weeks the dracaenum must be fed with complex fertilizers: “Rainbow”, “Ideal”, “Ispolin”, etc.
Dracaena flowering conditions
If you comply with all the above conditions, then your plant will bloom and envelop the room with a pleasant aroma.
Sometimes, especially with a lack of light, the plant may become too stretched. In order to shorten the plant and not give it a height, and vice versa in width, it is necessary to cut the apical point of growth. To do this, cut off the stem with a length of 15 cm. After that, put in a dark place and do not water until new leaves appear.
However, the flowering dracaena phenomenon is very rare
Diseases and pests of the flower
Dracaena usually suffers from improper care for her. When the temperature is low or draft, leaves start to curl around the plant, or even completely fall off. When the overflow begins to rot the roots and trunk. If the process does not go too far, then an urgent need to transplant the plant.
Do not confuse the drying of the lower leaves with the disease - it is a natural process. Worse, if young leaves begin to dry. Try changing the irrigation mode.
If the tips of young leaves turn black and dry - these are problems with the soil. Try transplanting a plant or changing fertilizer. You can also add more peat and humus.
Another problem is rotting. And it can be caused by both improper care and the influence of pests. If during the inspection you find that the rotting part of the plant is separated from the healthy green stripe, then this is the result of a lack of lighting or heat. If, on rotting, yellow tissue is formed, then it is undoubtedly bacteriosis.
This can be corrected by changing the soil, temperature regime, as well as to ensure that the plant is not transfused.
The presence of brown or yellow spots indicates the presence of the spider mite and thyroid gland. You can remove them by washing the plant with soapy water.
In addition, “Fundazol” is quite effective. Spray them according to the instructions 2-3 times in 10 days.
When contaminating dracaenas mealybug, you can remove the pest by washing it with a cotton swab dipped in soapy water. You can also spray the flower with a soap-alcohol solution, based on 1-2 g of soap per 200 ml of vodka.
Yellowish or white bloom on the leaves indicates the appearance of the spider mite.To get rid of it, you can use such a tool as "Aktellik".
Dracena breeding is carried out in two ways: cuttings and seeds. Eavesdropping is the most common and more efficient method.
To do this, choose a young stalk and cut off cuttings of five centimeters from it. It should be borne in mind that there would be two buds on each cutting. After that we stick the cutting into the specially prepared soil and cover with a jar on top. As the cuttings dry, they are sprayed with water. In a month, roots will appear. However, they can be transplanted to a permanent place only after the side shoots appear. It is best to conduct grafting from February to May.
When planting dracaena seeds, they are pre-soaked for a day in the water. After that we plant seeds in small pots with a ground for seedlings. Seeds are planted at a depth of 1 centimeter and closed with a jar on top. In two weeks, a sprout will appear.
The care is not complicated: the main thing is not to overfill and give enough light so that the sprout is not strongly stretched.
Repot the plant almost every year, especially if it is young.The need to transplant speak protruding from the ground roots of the plant.
The best soil for the plant is the following mixture:
- leaf earth;
However, you can buy ready-made soil in the store. If you prepare the soil yourself, then take all the components in equal proportions.
The pot must be such that the root system fits into it completely. Transplant the plant with the clod of earth, which is located on its roots. Ie, the roots are not shattered from the ground.
Having set the plant in the pot, fill the ground, lightly tamp and add more. After transplanting the plant we water.
The young plant is transplanted at least once every two years, the old one every three to four years.
With proper care, your plant will grow well and delight you with its healthy color. Well, and finally, the video on the care of dragon plant.