Faun is the patron of shepherds and farmers
The representative of the Roman divine pantheon,cheerful and good-natured Faun patronized cattlemen and farmers. His prototype in Greek mythology was the god Pan. Faun is the next Greek god, who was worshiped and brought gifts. In his department there were fields, pastures, forests and groves. According to myths, the grandfather of the Faun was the revered god of the agriculturists Saturn, and his father - Pikus, the god of fields and forests.
The one who patronized the shepherds
In the history of Ancient Rome there was a period whenfrom year to year on February 15, the citizens of Rome celebrated the sacred lupercalia, timed to Remus and Romulus - the founders of the capital of the future empire. Those same brothers, who nursed and fed their milk wolf. Infants took shelter in the grotto until they were discovered by a shepherd in the sanctuary where the Faun lived (this deity, respected by shepherds and farmers), located on the slope of Palatine Hill.
Luperc - the second name of the Faun, which he gaveshepherds. They believed that the deity protects the sheep from wolves. By the way, Lupark from ancient Romans was associated with a wolf, therefore the festival was originally timed to the cult of this animal.
Celebration of lupercals on February 15. Rituals
Faun is the god of fertility, so he was worshiped and revered, even a special feast in his honor. The ritual was as follows:
- The main point of the festival wassacrifice. For this, a dog and a goat were selected (in other sources - goat and goat). At the altar (altar) were placed two young guys. Each of the loper-coils should turn to them one by one to touch the forehead with a knife, the blade of which was in the blood of an animal sacrificed. Then the priestess moistened the goat's hair in milk and quickly wiped the blood from the boy's forehead, which at that moment should represent a joyful mood. Faun in Roman mythology was not an evil deity. He liked to play a trick, although his pranks were sometimes cruel. That's why he was beguiled by gifts and sacrifice.
- After the sacrifice with animal skins, they cut outstrips for priest-lupers: wide, to wear as loincloths, and narrow - belts (februa). A noisy crowd of naked lupers, who only had their hips covered by goatskins, shouted with exclamations from Lupercal to the Palatine Hill. They ran around the sacred hill and lashed with belts of everyone who would meet on their way. It is a rite of redemption and purification from all that has accumulated during the previous year. Therefore, no one tried to evade the loop of the loper. Especially willingly substitute themselves for women who believed that scourging with a sacred goat's belt guarantees them fertility and a happy married life.
Celebrating the Fauns
The fact that the Romans were truly loved and revered by their Faun Gods is evidenced by the presence in the calendar of another feast, timed to him, that was celebrated on December 5.
On this day, the deity was sacrificed with milk,wine and goat. After the sacrifice, a merry feast was organized, with the obligatory symbolic presence on it of the originator of the celebration - the kind and cheerful god Faun.
Celebrated the holiday in full swing. The cattle got full freedom. Left to their own devices, the animals walked freely in the forests and in the fields. Also, arable animals had another opportunity to relax. Even slaves were given freedom. Left unattended, servitude people on this day had fun wherever possible - at the crossroads, in the meadows. Faun is the beloved God of ordinary working people.
The character of the Faun and his relationship with people
The goodwill inherent in deitydid not interfere with the manifestation of some pranks against the one who broke his peace in the forest. Faun in ancient Roman mythology could, for example, either amuse or frighten one who has gone deep into the forest. It was worthwhile for someone to fall asleep, as the Faun whispered in the ear of various horror stories. The gift of prophecy was transferred to the Faun from the father of Picus. Therefore, through the rustle of leaves, the Faun could predict the future to the person on whose side a favorable attitude was felt. For this, it was necessary to go to the sacred grove and, spreading the skin of the sacrificial sheep, doze off on it. In a dream, you must visit the prophecy.
Faun is a special being that was worshiped by ordinary workers. Shepherds and farmers were most afraid to be angry with him. Therefore, he received various gifts on a regular basis.