Ferry across the Kerch Strait - fast transport between two states
Shallow Kerch Strait, length 40and a width of 15 kilometers, connects the water area of the Azov Sea with the Black Sea. The eastern coast of the strait is the Taman Peninsula, which belongs to the Russian territory, and the western coast is the Kerch Peninsula, which belongs to the Ukrainian Crimea. Deep-sea sites are more concentrated at the beginning of the strait, the largest depth point is 18 meters. The depth of the middle part is notexceeds seven meters. For navigation at the end of the 19th century a channel was dug in these places, along which the channel is currently passing. The largest port is the Crimean city of Kerch.
The Kerch Strait is a golden place forfishing for marine fish. Throughout the year, immense shoals of fish migrate from one sea to another in the water surface: anchovy, Kerch herring, mackerel, mullet, horse mackerel, mullet, sturgeon, tulip, etc. Especially it is a lot in the spring. In places of shoals, fish can be scooped up with conventional buckets.
The Kerch Strait and natural minerals are rich. On the pebbly coast you can find deposits of blue clay, which is used for cosmetic purposes, and shells of the oldest mollusks with kerchenite minerals. And high cliffs expose layers of iron ore.
The Kerch Strait is an eyewitness of manyincidents. In the ancient era, Hellenic culture flourished there, at the beginning of the last millennium Prince Igor, after a campaign to Constantinople, moved through him. There were pirate on these shoresships of the Genoese, Venetians, Turks. Repeatedly in the Kerch Strait there were military battles for the territory (Russian-Turkish war, revolutionary events in Russia, the Great Patriotic War).
Currently, the sea strait is used inpeaceful purposes. This is the most important transport route, which connects not only the two states, but also the countries of southeastern Europe, central Asia and the Transcaucasus. The ferry crossing through the Kerch Strait was opened in 1955 and at the moment is an important artery of the highways of the Russian and Ukrainian territories. It connects the Ukrainian port "Crimea" and the Russian "Caucasus". Over the past 15 years, the question of building a bridge across the strait has been raised several times. But due to insufficient funding, seabed features, high cost of the project and political disagreements between the two countries, the ideas are still on paper.
A ferry across the Kerch Strait is located inthe narrowest place. Having passed the economic crisis and environmental problems, the shipping company transports more than one million tons of cargo and about 450,000 passengers throughout the year. This makes it possible to reduce the significant kilometers of roads to people crossing the route. At the present time, rail transportation is being restored, which are carried out by two units of equipment.
For a quick crossing from the RussianKrasnodar Territory on the Crimean protected area of Ukraine will need only a passport and a travel ticket. The transportation of the vehicle (car, bicycle, motorcycle) is charged an additional fee, depending on the size. The ferry on the shuttle bus will cost half as much as on a private vehicle. The cargo weighing up to 25 kilograms is allowed to be carried free of charge. The operating time of the ferry is from 4.00 to 1.00. In the summer season, two ferries run.