Festive calendar for 2018 in Russia
2018 is not a leap year, so it has 365 days, of which 118 are holidays and weekends. The production calendar is compiled in accordance with Art. 112 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation and approved by the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of September 18, 2017.
Many believe that the Russians are resting more than working. In fact, there are only 8 official holidays in Russia.
In January, the 1st and 7th days rest when they celebrate the New Year and Christmas, respectively. In Russia, the tradition of celebrating the New Year was introduced by Peter I in 1700. They began to print it in red on the calendar only after December 23, 1947, when the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet signed the corresponding decree.
An interesting fact - the first to meet the New Year in Russia, the border guards on the island of Ratmanov.
Christmas is the second most important holiday for Orthodox believers. In the USSR, until 1929, was a day off. After that, the government came to power with atheistic views, and it was forbidden to celebrate Christmas at the state level with a corresponding decree of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR.The status of the holiday was again returned by a resolution of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR in December 1990.
February 23 is the Day of Defender of the Fatherland. On February 23, 1918, the first victories of the Red Guard detachments near Pskov and Narva over the troops of Kaiser Germany were scored. This day has become non-working since 1996, according to the Federal Law, which entered into force on March 13, 1995.
March 8 - International Women's Day. There are several versions of the appearance of this holiday. Officially recognized as the one that states that in 1857, workers in the textile industry in New York staged a rally, demanding better working conditions and higher wages. However, data in the media of those times about the rally was not, therefore, it is possible that this is only a legend. Who thanks for the weekend? It is possible that Clara Zetkin, who at the Copenhagen forum in 1910, approved International Women's Day, in which, according to her, representatives of the beautiful half of humanity will hold various rallies and processions in order to attract public attention to their problems.
May 1 is now the holiday of spring and labor.In the past, it was called the International Day of Workers, a mandatory attribute of which were holiday demonstrations. However, far from happy events preceded all this - in 1886, workers in the United States went on strike, demanding to reduce the work shift to 8 hours, which ended in bloodshed and clashes with the police.
May 9 - Great Victory Day over Nazi Germany. Established in 1945 by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 8 May. He became inoperative in 1965.
Since June 12, 1991, all Russians living in the territory from Kaliningrad to Vladivostok have a rest in honor of the Day of Russia. It is this date that dates the adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the RSFSR.
National Unity Day is annually celebrated on November 4th. It was he who closes the calendar of holidays 2018. Established by the Federal Law signed in December 2004 by the President of the Russian Federation in memory of the events of 1612. It is about the liberation of Moscow from the Polish invaders by the people's militia, which was headed by Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky.
Short holiday days
According to article 95 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, on the eve of holidays, the working shift is reduced by one hour.In 2018, Russians will work less on the eve of Defender of the Fatherland Day (February 22), before International Women's Day (March 7), on the eve of Victory Day (May 8).
Most Russians love holidays, which are officially allowed to celebrate a few days. In 2018, five vacations of various lengths are expected:
- The celebration of the New Year begins on December 30, 2017 and ends on January 8, 2018.
- 3 days (from February 23 to February 25) are set aside to celebrate Defender of the Fatherland Day.
- Celebration of the International Women's Day is scheduled to stretch for 4 days (from March 8 to March 11). This year, the 9th will be a day off for January 6th.
- The May holidays in 2018 will not be as long as many are used to - only 4 days (from April 29 to May 2). On Wednesday, the Russians will rest for January 7, since the Christmas of Christ in 2018 falls on Sunday.
- June 10 - 12, residents of our country will walk about the Day of Russia.
- On November 3 - 5, the celebration of National Unity Day will be held.
On the New Year holidays 2018-2019, the Russians leave on December 30. December 31 was made non-working due to December 29.
In addition to the dates that are marked in red in the calendar, in Russia there is also a mass of holidays, including professional ones.Officially, they are not weekends, but they are considered an excellent opportunity to congratulate colleagues or acquaintances, to give some symbolic gift, and often arrange a corporate party.