General characteristic of the enterprise of its task and purpose
Among the main elements that are describedcharacteristic of the enterprise can be identified the situation and state of affairs, and the organizational structure of the enterprise. In the analysis of such characteristics, as a rule, include: a historical reference on the establishment of an enterprise, legal status or organizational legal form of ownership, materials on the analysis of the enterprise in all areas that are necessary for the functioning of the organization. In addition, the characteristics of the enterprise include the goals and objectives of the enterprise, their description, the scope of activities in the main areas, taking into account the environmental factors and the specifics of the products or services provided by the enterprise, as well as the organizational structure of the divisions.
In addition, the characteristics of the enterprise includeas well as analysis of financial and economic activities. Although carrying out such an analysis requires the organization to have a structure that can perform a serious analysis of all processes.
Among the results that the generalcharacteristics of the enterprise can be seen and a description of the subsystems that are in the company. From this it follows that every organization and enterprise is considered as a complex organism, having an intertwined infrastructure of subsystems and channels.
Among the main subsystems that describes the general characteristics of the enterprise, the following can be distinguished:
- information-analytical - is in thecollection and processing of useful information necessary for the successful operation of the enterprise, is subdivided into subspecies: information, accounting, research, planning-economic, marketing;
- administrative and management subsystem -is engaged in management and coordination of all subsystems in a single structure, as well as subdivided into subspecies in the direction of activity: promotion, incentives, production and technology, and others;
- material and financial - ensures the functionality of the organization at the material level - control of financial flows (purchases, sales, warehousing, etc.).
In this section, the characteristics of the enterpriseallows to identify the factors that interfere with the interaction and operation of subsystems and channels in the enterprise. That is why it is recommended to perform the analysis in a complex, rather than separately. The main document that allows to plan and execute such an analysis is the Charter of the enterprise, as well as the Memorandum and other statutory documents and regulations that regulate the procedures for passing various production and financial flows.
As one of the constituent parts of the characteristicenterprise is the organizational characteristic of the enterprise. It is the analysis and processing of the data obtained in the compilation of the results of such a characteristic that makes it possible to determine the effectiveness of the enterprise in the context of its organizational structure. This characteristic shows and reveals not only the organizational structure, but also the principles of management, and their effectiveness and compliance with the level of management in the enterprise.
At the end of the characteristics of the company mustfollow calculations that summarize the analysis. They indicate whether the organizational structure of the enterprise is suitable for its effective functioning, and if the structure does not answer by some criteria, these reasons and possible ways of their elimination are necessarily indicated.
With respect to the general characteristics of the enterprise, thenit also has in the end a conclusion in which the degree of effectiveness of all the parameters for which the analysis was conducted, the reasons for the ineffectiveness and possible options for their elimination are determined.