how correctly to write "to come" or "to come"?
how correctly to write "come" or "come"?
- Only - come
- come up
- come up
- Come or come?
Which of us can say with certainty that I have never thought about going to write the word "come", or that I have never seen it written or printed through "dt"? We must admit that we are dealing with a very common mistake. The question arises: why do we write to go (through dt), but to come (via dt)? How is this explained?
The verb to go, having previously parallel writing and through -d-, as now, and through -t-, belongs to the number of the most ancient words in the lexical fund of not only the Slavic, but also other Indo-European languages. Vocabulary of this kind, as a rule, has a very characteristic feature - suppletivism of the roots. The term suppletivism (translated from French as "extra") literally means that different forms of such words are formed from different bases. A vivid example is, say, the verb to be with its forms is, was, will (in Russian); to be - am, are, is, etc. (in English).
The same goes for the verb go. Indeed, various forms of the present, past and future tense are formed from different foundations, as well as the infinitive and participles of this verb and those related to it: id-y, po-yd-em, po-sh, sh-li, ty, shish-shiy.
In the Old Slavonic and Old Russian language, the infinitive of this verb sounded like-ti. In this case, -and- is the root of the verb, and -th is the suffix of the infinitive (of an undefined form). The basis of the present tense of the verb i-ti contained an additional consonant - the so-called "infix" -d-. Compare the modern forms of i-do, id-sh, id-t, etc.
From the verb go there are numerous prefixing verbs such as enter, find, go, descend, come, go, come up, etc. In all these words, the initial "radical" and - passes into -y-. Instead of writing -dt- the old spelling with one volume is saved.
In the forms of the future simple tense of the verb to come (when writing is not allowed to use the old parallel version to come), the sound drops out. Compare: I will come (I will not come), you will come, he will come, etc. - with the form of an infinitive come.
Finally, one more spelling feature of the verb is to go. Along with the form of the hat it does not go (where it is not written separately) it is allowed to use a somewhat archaic negative form: the mind does not (where it is not written together).
These are the features of the formation and writing of verbs to go and come, related to the history of these words and their forms in Russian.