How to care for cucumbers?
Each summer resident or gardener himself decides how tocuddle cucumbers, in some cases relying only on their abilities or intuition. But in this business, you must have at least a minimum amount of knowledge to ensure that the fruits are delicious, and the yield is high so that the plants are not prone to diseases and attacks by insects. So, how to care for cucumbers correctly.
The first time the soil is loosened immediately after the appearanceseedlings and designation beds. As a rule, loosening is combined with the weeding of weed. This operation must be repeated constantly every 10 days and carefully, so as not to touch the roots of the plant. Dachnikov with the experience loosen the soil with pitchforks. This happens in this way: between the cucumber beds are forked and pulled out of the soil, without making them move to the sides and not cranking them.
Topping. When forming 5 or 6 leaves on a young plant, the main stem of the plant should be nipped. This simple technique stimulates an increase in yield, branching of the plant and the development of female flower shoots.
Watering. During the period of active growth and fruiting, that is, in July and August, watering for cucumbers is especially necessary. In addition, the importance of air humidity. Even the shortest drying of the soil at the time of fruit formation can lead to a bitter taste of cucumbers. And this in the future can not be eliminated by anything. For irrigation, warm water is used, since cold water acts depressingly on plants and promotes the appearance of gray rot.
Top dressing. Serious care for cucumbers is impossible without their additional feeding. In order to obtain a good harvest, first of all, it is necessary to ensure normal growth of the leaves before the flowering of plants. A fine result is the introduction of nitrogen fertilizers. For the whole vegetation in the open ground it is desirable to feed plants with a full mineral fertilizer complex at least 3-4 times. The first fertilizing is carried out before fruiting, and the remaining three during this critical period.
The second time cucumbers are fed duringthe appearance of the first cucumbers. 0.5 liters of chicken manure, 3 tbsp. spoons of ashes and 1 tbsp. spoonful of nitrate. All this is taken from the calculation for 10 liters of water. For the third time, the plants are fed 15-20 days after the second feeding. 1 liter of a solution of cow manure (ratio 1/3). Add 1 h / l superphosphate, potassium sulfate and urea. It is necessary to strain this solution and fertilize at the rate of 8 l / m2. The fourth feeding should be done through15 days after the third: 1 liter of chicken manure (already diluted 1/3) and 1 tbsp. a spoonful of complex fertilizers. All this is bred in 10 liters of water. To make it is necessary at the rate of 5 l / m2.
The main pest for cucumbers is melonaphids, which have their columns on the shoots, ovaries and the underside of the leaves. As a result, the flowers fall, the leaves are twisted, the growth of plants is delayed, and in some cases they die. Often a melon aphid is a carrier of a cucumber mosaic and other diseases. Care of the cucumbers, on which the aphids settled, consists in their processing with a solution of household soap (150 g / 10 l of water) or lye (200 g of wood ash and 50 g of soap to mix in 10 liters of water).
When fighting with a spider mite, it is necessarydaily spraying beds with cucumber water and the destruction of weeds. The cucumbers themselves are processed by infusion of onion husks (200 g / 10 l). To avoid fungal diseases, plants are recommended to tie up, and watering should be done only with warm water and under the root.