How to choose a dishwasher: selection criteria + expert advice
A dishwasher, like a refrigerator, washer, or other household appliances, is usually bought not for a year or two, but for at least the next decade. Therefore, it is important not to take the first available model, but to analyze several suitable dishwashers that fit into the framework of the family budget.
We will find out how to choose a dishwasher so that it meets the demands of the maximum and does not disappoint after the first week of use.
Possibilities of modern factory design
When choosing equipment for the kitchen in the first place striking her appearance. If the unit does not meet the taste preferences of the buyer, he is unlikely to choose it.
Exceptions are built-in models, but even they have different filling of the internal compartments, the design of baskets for dishes, the design of the control panel.
Manufacturers of freestanding and partially embedded machines offer both economical standard models with no frills, and retro-style dishwashers with rounded corners and bold colors.
Standard models, especially the built-in type, are similar. If it is important to tint the front panel or case as a whole, it is better to clarify this issue in advance. Manufacturers are developing several versions of popular models that differ only in color.
If you have found a car with a white case on sale, then an alternative variant of steel or silver shade is most likely available on request.
Dimensions and installation type
The choice of location for the machine and its type according to the method of installation are interrelated, since all dishwashers are divided into:
- partially embeddedcars.
Freestanding are not tied to furniture, they can be installed independently - it is an independent equipment, with decorative trim on all sides.
The embedding technique has no external design for the walls, and the front panel is designed for mounting the front lining.
Regardless of the type of installation, the machines are full-sized, that is, maximally volumetric, narrow, reduced in width, or compact.
If there is not enough space and the machine needs to be camouflaged, a built-in compact model will do. For large kitchens, various options are possible, but freestanding dishwashers choose less often.
To a large number of different technology does not clutter up the kitchen, it is usually hidden behind the facades. Manufacturers are focused on demand, so they offer a large line of embedded units - they are easier to pick up.
What components are most important?
Modern models work thanks to inverter motors equipped with a frequency converter. Thanks to a special device, the speed and frequency of turns are more precisely regulated.
The first models were equipped with collectors with brushes, which made a loud noise, quickly wore out and spent a lot of electricity.
The main components include a filter system, a pump-out pump (pump), a pressurized fluid supply device, leakage protection, a water softener, a condenser, a heater. But these details are hidden from the user.
Some parts of the dishwasher are located in the direct access to be able to regularly carry out cleaning.
Before choosing a machine, you must make sure that it is convenient to use baskets or containers for detergents, and the maintenance of internal parts does not take much time.
Ask if you can rearrange the box, change their inclination or use additional holders. When there are many dishes, the number, shape and size of the compartments are important.
After inspecting the dishwasher outside and inside and making sure that it fits in size and spaciousness, be sure to verify that the technical parameters correspond to the tasks.
Simply put, find out whether the machine can qualitatively wash a certain amount of dishes, while spending a minimum of water and electricity.
Interpretation of energy efficiency values
To understand whether it is possible to save when using the selected model, it is enough to study the labeling on the energy label.
Classes are usually denoted by"A"before"G". They denote the gradation of the quality of washing, drying and spending on electric energy. The decoding of the label, which every device must have, is given below.
In the old type of marking, only two criteria were taken into account: the number of loaded kits and the amount of spent electric energy. Energy efficiency was expressed in kWh.
After 2010, an additional standby mode was added, the calculation is made taking into account 280 washing cycles, and the class is displayed depending on the EEI index.
It is not recommended to purchase dishwasher classes “F” or “G”, as they are recognized as uneconomical. This means that you will constantly overpay for extra kilowatts of energy and liters of water.
Difference between classes"A"and"A +++"is about 25%. If the machine is used frequently, the savings are significant.
Electronics or mechanical control?
There are two types of machines - with mechanical rotary knobs and buttons / touch controls. 95% of the devices belong to the second type, as the mechanics are less convenient and more difficult to maintain.
The buttons are usually located in one or more rows on the panel at the top of the door. However, if they are visible in partially embedded units, then in full-fledged units they become available if you open the door.
Push-button models have the only negative - difficulties with care.Dirt gets into small gaps between the buttons and the case, it is difficult to remove, and later it makes it difficult to use.
A convenient addition to electronic models is an information display showing the time of operation, the designation of the selected program or option.
Some cars are equipped with a comfort option."Beam on the floor". During operation, the panel is hidden and it is impossible to monitor the washing process, but information about the operating time is projected on the floor in the form of a digital symbol. At the end of washing the color of the beam may change.
Overview of popular programs
The greater the number of programs designed for different types of dishes, the better. However, it’s not worth chasing a large list, since in practice few people use more than 2-3 economical modes.
When buying, they are usually guided by the parameters of two programs:"Standard"or"ECO".
With the help of the table it is easy to select the mode on request: the shortest, economical or intensive.
According to statistics, the largest load of dishes, including heavily soiled, occurs after dinner. Therefore, at night it is better to start the car in the mode"ECO"- it is longer, but economical and "diligent".
In the afternoon, you can get by with the express-wash program to quickly remove light contaminants.
Basic and advanced features
Main functions -washing and drying - laid in the work of all without exception dishwashers. However, both stages may be fundamentally different.
Sinks come with pre-soaking of particularly greasy and smoked pans or additional rinsing of clear glass, at different temperatures of water heating, different in duration.
Drying is different in type:
- condensation- natural drying in the process of cooling;
- convection- turbo, under the influence of circulating hot air;
- zeolite- drying under the influence of air heated by the mineral;
- Intelligent Sensor Dry- analysis of room temperature and airflow.
There are no fundamental differences when choosing the type of drying, especially if the washing is planned for the night period - for breakfast the dishes dry out anyway.
Additional functions of representatives of different brands may differ, as from time to time companies introduce new, more technological and economical developments.
Half load modeIt does not work in all models, but it can be useful for small families or single people. It allows you to speed up the washing process, reduce energy and water consumption.
SystemAqua Stopprevents leakage inside the housing and in the hoses. If the program crashes or one of the machine parts fails, the unit stops. Used water is discharged into the sewage system, and the flow of new water is blocked.
If the machine is not equipped with AquaStop, you can buy a hose acting on the same principle.
Easy lock- forced function of closing the door. If you do not slam it, the machine simply will not turn on, so there is a lock that automatically tightens the door and locks it.
Dual wash- the ability to wash dishes with different characteristics in one load. Pots and fragile glasses are cleaned at the same time, but with the only condition - they are loaded into different compartments.
The most dirty dishes are placed in the lower tier, glasses and rinsing cups in the upper one.
OptoSensor- A very useful feature related to the determination of water hardness. If the sensors report a risk of scaling, the amount of salt in the wash water increases.
Rackmatic- the ability to adjust the extension and height of the upper basket for a more successful arrangement of objects.
To learn about the functions of a particular unit, you must carefully study the technical documentation.Modern machines have much more useful options, but it is better to choose those that are required for daily washing.
Is it worth the noise level?
Noise dishwashers, like the rest of household appliances, is determined in dB. The average indicators of the latest models are about the same and fit into the range of 40-50 dB. These are machines that allow you to quietly go about your business and not cause discomfort.
Low noise sounds are sounds that do not go beyond 45 dB. For example, the model Bosch SPS66XW11R it is only 43 dB. If you get a powerful unit of 55-60 dB, then take care of the possibility of a delayed start.
The importance of the brand when choosing a model
To choose a dishwasher of a certain brand, you should rely on the following criteria:
- technical and functional capabilities;
- unique designs;
- design features;
- the cost.
The last point is not so important if the manufacturer presents several series, from budget to premium.However, there are brands, all models of which are elite.
Dear and promoted representatives of the dishwasher world: Asko, Smeg, Miele, AEG, Kuppersbusch, De Dietrich, Fagor.
Medium price segment: Bosch, Whirlpool, Electrolux, Gorenje, Siemens, Neff.
Cheap dishwasher: DeLonghi, Beko, Ariston, Zanussi, Midea, Indesit.
Expensive cars have a safer engine and a pump, a more stylish design, many useful functions, more comfortable handling. But some models do not practically differ from economical ones, therefore a high price is not always a quality indicator.
Recommendations of an expert in choosing PMM
We present a few tips from amateurs and experts: how to choose a reliable dishwasher and do not miscalculate.
If financial capabilities allow you to choose any model, then in no case do not pick up equipment for the most expensive price tag.
For a large family, a high built-in or freestanding model is needed.The width is not critical, since the narrow ones are not inferior in functionality to the wide ones. Their only drawback - less capacious boxes.
If you have a cottage, a compact machine can, if necessary, travel with you and facilitate the care of dishes throughout the warm season.
If a certain amount is allocated to a new household assistant, it is better to choose 5-6 models and compare their capabilities.
Most likely, they will differ in the number of programs, two or three additional options and sizes. Choose a priority criterion and build on it.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Expert advice on choosing PMM - the subtleties were considered and useful tips were given for choosing the optimal model:
The following video provides medical recommendations that it is worthwhile to pay attention to when choosing a dishwasher:
An overview of the main criteria that play an important role in choosing a dishwasher for the home:
There are a huge number of dishwasher manufacturers, and each of them annually launches new models on the market.Choosing a dishwasher for the home, considering the range, is quite difficult, so try to take into account the important points: size, capacity, specifications, and the possibility of repair. Examine reviews for your favorite models and select the one that best meets your needs..