How to choose the right laxatives.

In the pharmacy, laxatives are sold withoutprescription, there are many of them, and any pharmacist will offer a choice of several options. If they are applied once, then nothing terrible in this, in general, no. It is worse if constipation occurs regularly. Here you need to understand, look for the cause and treat it, temporarily easing the condition with laxatives, because they do not heal, but only eliminate the symptoms. Long-term use of them can cause serious damage to health.

It is believed that if the chair was not two days, thenthis is constipation, and you need to choose laxatives. In principle, constipation is a fairly common phenomenon. It is enough to miss the usual time of bowel movement, to overexpose, and constipation is provided. This often happens on trips, for example. According to Russian statistics, constipation occurs in 40% of people. Women and those who lead a sedentary life suffer more often. Constipation arising for independent reasons (trip, surgery, etc.), the disease is not, and usually pass themselves, or just a single dose, can be plant-based.

Regular constipation may be a consequence ofsedentary lifestyle, malnutrition, stomach and colon disease, or anus. There are constipations of a neurological nature (with stroke, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, with spinal cord injuries). The delay of the stool can be affected by diabetes, almost any endocrine diseases. Even prolonged depression can lead to constipation. That is why you must first find and eliminate the cause.

Depending on the cause of constipation, laxatives of one of the three groups are used, to which they can be conditionally divided according to the mechanism of action on the intestine.

Chemical irritants. These include some herbal preparations, such as hay leaves, buckthorn bark, rhubarb root, etc., as well as synthetic medicines: phenolphthalein, isafenin, castor oil can also be listed here.

Mechanical stimuli. These include saline laxatives that mechanically affect the walls of the intestinal mucosa, while diluting the contents of the intestine and increasing its volume.

Softeners. This, usually, almond, olive oil, which soften the intestinal mass and facilitate its passage through the intestinal tract.

It is also possible to share laxatives by force of influence.

Relaxing (the weakest group). These are burnt magnesia, sulfur, laminaride, vaseline oil and others. These drugs do not lead to diarrhea, but simply help to normally empty the intestines.

Laxatives. These are plant hay, rhubarb, buckthorn, medicinal preparations - isazenin, castor oil, bisacodyl. To the same group can be attributed common laxative teas (teas for weight loss, including).

Carious. This group includes salt preparations, which lead to a liquid stool, causing bubbling in the intestine and intensified peristalsis.

Usually, the last group is used when there isthe need to quickly empty the intestine (with poisoning, before surgery or some examinations). Laxatives for constipation (acute and chronic nature) are, as a rule, drugs from the first two groups.

Do not forget that there are states,when laxatives are categorically contraindicated, it is primarily intestinal obstruction, any inflammation in the peritoneum (appendix, for example). It is not recommended to take them also with fever, pregnant women and nursing mothers.

Thus, there is no possibility to name the bestlaxative, because in each case, various drugs may be preferred. It is better not to be limited to the advice of a pharmacist, but to consult a doctor if constipation appears with some periodicity.

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