How to insulate the foundation?
When building a new house,the question of how to insulate the foundation. This is a very important point in the construction, because The foundation is the foundation of the house. On how thoroughly the heat and waterproofing of the foundation will be performed, the further operation of the house, comfort and comfort in it largely depends.
How to insulate the foundation of the house with earth
The easiest way to warm the foundationis to fill it with ground to the floor level of the ground floor. The laboriousness of this method is quite large and it can be used only until the moment of erection of the walls, because the ground for filling the foundation will require more than one KAMAZ.
The advantage of this method is itscheapness. The disadvantages are weak thermal insulation qualities of the soil. In addition, if the basement is to be insulated with earth, you will have to abandon the basement, and this is not at all economic. Therefore, despite its simplicity and accessibility, this way of warming the foundation is used very rarely.
How to properly warm the foundation with expanded clay
One of the cheapest thermal insulationof materials is expanded clay. When it is used throughout the inner perimeter of the foundation, at a distance of 30 centimeters from it, slate is made of slate or cast-off boards. In the formed space is poured keramzit. The advantages of this method of warming the foundation is the low price of expanded clay and the fact that this material is not damaged by rodents.
How to insulate the foundation with foam plastic
Currently, the foundation insulation is most oftenproduced with the help of foam (polystyrene foam). With the help of this material, it is possible to insulate the foundation of not only the house under construction, but also the one already built.
- In order to insulate the foundation of thehouses use foam sheets that are glued to the foundation outside directly on top of the waterproofing material. Adhesion of foam plates is carried out with the help of bitumen mastic or any other adhesive composition. When choosing such compounds, pay attention that they do not contain solvents, because they will spoil the sheets of polystyrene.
- When building houses where the soil is strong andoften freezes, before the erection of the foundation, it is necessary to dig a groove with a depth of 30 centimeters along its perimeter. Then it is covered with sand, tamped it and covered with foam plates. Then the foundation itself is erected and it is insulated, as described above.
- If it is necessary to conduct additional insulation of the already constructed house, the foam plates are glued with bituminous mastic on the inner side of the basement.
Advantages of foundation insulation foamis its low price, the opportunity to buy this material in almost any construction shop, as well as its good thermal insulation properties and environmental safety. The drawbacks of the foundation warming in this way is that the foam can be damaged by rodents.