Icebreaker "Arctic" of the project 22220 2017
According to the government,icebreaker "Arctic" project 22220will replenish the armament of the nuclear fleet of the Russian Federation already in 2017. This vessel will be the most powerful and largest in its class. It is planned that it will be the first in a series of Russian modern icebreakers, which will allow the country to have a full-year navigation in the Arctic seas.
The atomic icebreaker "Arktika" was laid at the Baltic Shipyard in November 2013. His launch was scheduled for November 2015, but then it was postponed to May 2016, thus coinciding with this event for the 160th anniversary of the shipbuilding enterprise.
After the descent, the icebreaker will be completed near the mooring wall, and prepare for the tests scheduled for 2017. After the ship has passed all the tests and the elimination of possible shortcomings, it will be used to arm the Russian nuclear fleet.
Features of the icebreaker "Arctic"
The main task of the universal icebreaker "Arktika" is to conduct expeditions to the Arctic and service the Northern Sea Route.Due to the fact that this vessel has variable draft, it can work with equal efficiency both in the Arctic seas and in the channels of the Siberian rivers.
The development of the Arktika nuclear-powered icebreaker was carried out based on the analysis of the results of operating other icebreakers. The task of the designers was to create the ship, which will have increased ice-breaking capacity, reliability and the ability to work in different ice conditions. The result of the development is impressive - the icebreaker “Arktika” will become the most powerful and largest in the world.
The length of the hull of the nuclear-powered vessel will be 173.3 m, width - 34 m, the indicator of the minimum working draft - 8.5 m, and the draft on the constructive waterline - 10.5 m. Thanks to such dimensions and indicators, the icebreaker "Arktika" will be able to break through the ice up to 3 m thick, conducting the caravans of ships in the most severe Arctic conditions.
The most modern equipment has been installed on the icebreaker "Arktika", which will ensure the safety and reliability of the operation of the nuclear-powered icebreaker. The vessel is equipped with the latest radio and navigation equipment, meteorological equipment, steering system control system, cold bridge consoles.For the "Arctic" were also specially designed unique heating systems for radio navigation equipment.
Separately, it is worth highlighting the unique Rhythm 200 reactor installation, which is the result of 5 years of work by the best experts from the Pilot Design Bureau of Mechanical Engineering named after A. A. Afrikantov. Its capacity will allow the Arctic to overcome difficult ice obstacles and pierce the ice up to 3 m. The designers of the Rhythm 200 plant paid special attention to the safety of the reactor by providing a protective sheath consisting of steel, concrete and water.
"Arctic" will be the first ship in a series of new Russian nuclear ships. The 22220 is planned to replace older icebreaker models.
The icebreaker "Arktika" promises to be the most impressive in the world, so it is not surprising that the cost of its construction is also impressive - more than 40 billion rubles. Until recently, the financing of the project went according to plan, but in October 2015, due to the state of the economy, it was decided to transfer part of the investment from 2016 to 2017.
Thus, in 2015, 5 billion rubles were allocated for the construction of the Arctic, instead of the planned 7 billion.And in 2016 financing will be even more curtailed - 0.6 billion rubles instead of 5.6 billion rubles. However, the government intends to make up the volume of investments in 2017 - it is planned that funding will be increased from the previously planned 3.5 billion rubles to 11.3 billion rubles.
Experts emphasize that the construction of the icebreaker is exactly according to plan, so the failure of the timing is unlikely. However, it cannot be denied that everything depends on funding - if the money for the project will be allocated in the required amount, then the flow of the nuclear-powered icebreaker into service should be expected in 2017.
Analysts say that the current situation in the economy is rather unstable, so the possibility of another investment transfer cannot be ruled out. However, the government assures that the construction of the icebreaker "Arktika" is a strategically important issue, so putting it into operation will not be delayed.