Medicines against HIV and AIDS in Russia 2017
The problem of combating HIV infection and AIDS has long become global. Today, it cannot be said that the human immunodeficiency virus has been definitively defeated, but from a terrible deadly “plague of the 21st century” HIV has turned into a protracted sluggish infection.
Medicines against AIDS and HIV infection in the territory of the Russian Federation
The head of the Ministry of Health Veronika Skvortsova told the Russians the good news -From 2017, Russia will begin to produce four drugs for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
“Of the 10 drugs (from HIV), eight already have patents not working, and they are already being reproduced in Russia, but only with a different, as it were, degree of production. Only four - from the level of purification of substances, the rest - is just bottling and packaging. We do not yet have one that would be produced on a full cycle. But since 2017, the patent for the two remaining ones is leaving, and now, according to our legislation, we have the right to conduct clinical studies.They are being carried out, and we are preparing four production plants in Russia that will produce antiretroviral drugs on a full cycle, ”Skvortsova said.
This is very good news, in view of the fact that, according to the forecast data of the Ministry of Health, by 2020 the number of HIV-infected people in Russia may increase by 250%. If this happens, the virus is completely out of control, which means that the risk of acquiring HIV infection will increase significantly.
It should be remembered that anyone who wishes has the right to get a free HIV test and, if a disease is detected, everyone can get all possible medical care for free.
Over the past three years, the number of women who learn about a terrible disease during a medical examination during pregnancy has increased (first of all, it concerns the Kirov region). The number of births for mothers with HIV has significantly increased. For the second year, cases of HIV infection have been registered among adolescents who use drugs or have a wild sex life.
HIV and AIDS: transmission, symptoms, treatment
HIV infects and destroys the human immune system and contributes to the development of other infectious diseases in the sick person,that the immune system is no longer able to cope properly with the function of protecting the body against pathogens.
Over time, an HIV-infected person becomes extremely susceptible even to such microorganisms that do not pose a danger to healthy people.
How can you get HIV?
1. In contact with the blood of a HIV positive person:
- when sharing a needle;
- when HIV-infected blood gets from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth;
- through blood transfusions that are infected with HIV. The blood used for transfusion is tested for the presence of antibodies to HIV, but it should be remembered that the first 3-6 months after HIV infection in the blood do not yet have antibodies to the virus. Also, HIV-infected people can not be organ donors.
2. In contact with fluids secreted during intercourse:
- this can happen during sexual intercourse without using a condom. In order for an infection to occur, a small wound is sufficient in a healthy person.
3. When breastfeeding a healthy baby by a woman infected with HIV.
What Happens to HIV Infected
If a person has become infected with HIV, this does not mean that the patient has AIDS. Usually, before AIDS develops, it takes a long time (on average, 12 years).
When infected with HIV, the person does not feel any sensations. A few weeks after infection, a condition resembling the flu is sometimes noted (fever, lymph nodes, skin rashes, diarrhea). Over the years, a person may feel relatively healthy (latent stage of the disease).
But in the patient's body there are response to the threat: the immune system begins to fight the pathogenic infection, isolating antibodies. Lymphocytes, special white blood cells also enter the battle. Unfortunately, these measures are not enough, the immune system is not able to neutralize HIV, which, in turn, is gradually destroying it.
One can speak about AIDS in the case when a person infected with HIV, due to the ineffective work of the destroyed immune system, has various infectious diseases. In other words, AIDS is a combination of several diseases that have arisen as a result of the lack of work of the immune system of an HIV-positive person.
HIV infection is prescribed treatment aimed at delaying the development of AIDS, as well as opportunistic diseases with the possibility of some of the latter to cure.
Medications used to treat HIV:
- antiretroviral drugs - drugs that directly affect the virus, interfere with its reproduction and reduce its life cycles.
- drugs for the treatment of opportunistic diseases.
- drugs for preventive therapy (prophylaxis) - drugs that are intended to prevent the development of opportunistic diseases.
Treatment of an HIV-positive patient begins long before the development of AIDS. Even in the absence of signs of illness that would be visible to the patient or doctor, HIV is very active in the body.
Therefore, timely treatment will help a person to feel healthy as long as possible, prevent the development of opportunistic diseases and various kinds of neoplastic diseases.