New Museum of the Great Patriotic War in Minsk
The opening in the Soviet Union of memorials, memorableplaces and museums was part of state policy. After the collapse of the country, all that has been created is often decayed, destroyed, or simply demolished. In this situation, the news is glad that a museum of the Great Patriotic War in Minsk is being created using the latest technologies in this field.
The war that began on June 22, 1941 becamea real test for the population of the entire Soviet Union, including for Belarus. This republic took upon itself the first blows of the fascists, the first feats were committed on its land. There was an encirclement of some major armies and the occupation of the territory for several hard years. But even in those dark times, the fame of the Belarusian partisans spread throughout the vast Soviet country, inspiring everyone to struggle daily. Operation of the liberation of the Belarusian lands "Bagration" went down in history as one of the most successful. Thus, the museum of the Great Patriotic War in Minsk appeared for a reason. Historians have something to keep for posterity, so that they never forget about the price paid for the people's freedom.
The first museum of the Second World War in Belarus
In the summer of 1942, the German invaderscontrolled the large European part of the Soviet Union and were torn to the Caucasus and to Stalingrad. In this difficult time, the government of Belarus, evacuated to Moscow, adopted a resolution on the collection of archives and materials on the war.
Immediately after the liberation of the republic in the fallIn 1944 the first museum of the Second World War was opened in Minsk. He was located in the center of the city, in the former building of trade unions. In its exhibition halls collections of clothes, weapons, photo documents, posters, archives of the period of the Great Patriotic War were exhibited.
After 22 years the museum received a new spaciousbuilding on Leninsky Prospekt. In 1977, an exposition of military equipment, aircraft and vehicles used in the war of 1941-1945 was created. This military museum in Minsk was one of the largest in the entire post-Soviet space.
And again housewarming
In 2010 on the initiative of the President of Belarus, a new building was laid, in the walls of which, by 2014, the museum of the Great Patriotic War in Minsk was located. It is part of a large memorial complex on Pobediteley Avenue. Huge exhibition areas allowed to increase the number of exhibits by 50% and make 11 exhibition halls that provide an exciting immersion in the historical past. The halls have many transitions that allow you to use the asymmetric layout in the best way to impress visitors.
The building of the museum fits well into the landscape. It strikes with its architecture. A flag is developing over a huge transparent dome. Most of the population of Belarus supported the opening of the museum in Minsk in a new place morally and materially. The task of our generation is not just to preserve the heritage inherited from our ancestors, but also to multiply it.
All the halls of the museum are arranged in accordance witha clear concept of the exhibition called "Roads of War". Each room is a chronological stage in the history of mankind. The events have been described since 1919, when the Versailles agreements were concluded, which ended the First World War and immediately laid the main contradictions that led to the Second World War. The last room is devoted to peaceful restorative work after the devastation that resulted from the terrible war of the twentieth century. Important is the fact that the new museum of the Second World War in Minsk widely uses the latest exhibition technologies, such as three-dimensional graphics and sound, information kiosks and media equipment. All this in combination makes it possible to experience the reality of war as the most terrible phenomenon for mankind.
In order to go on a tour visitorsgo down to the lower level of the building. From the ground floor, they consistently start moving up. The last point of the route is Victory Hall. It is a huge room with a transparent dome. The names of all the parts that liberated the republic and the names of all Belarusians who received the title of heroes of the Soviet Union are immortalized on the walls.
The first room highlights the topic of the tragedy of war assuch. Then there is an exhibition describing the events on the eve of the Second World War. The third hall presents samples of Soviet weapons and equipment. The next exhibition is devoted to the defensive battles of 1941 until the battle for Moscow. Then it is described by a radical change in the course of the war and the work of the rear, a characteristic of the Nazi occupation regime in Belarus is given and the partisan movement is being considered. The triumphant liberation of the USSR and the defeat of the aggressor countries are presented in the following halls. The two remaining exhibitions reflect the course of the restoration of the economy and the labor feat of the Soviet people.
Opening of the museum
The Museum of the Great Patriotic War in Minsk wassolemnly opened on July 2, 2014. Thus, the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the liberation of the republic from the fascist invaders was celebrated. Vladimir Putin attended the opening ceremony. The Russian president could not fail to note this important event for the brotherly state. Visiting the museum, the heads of the Republic of Bashkortostan and the Russian Federation shared their impressions, the remaining excursions remain.
Time goes by, but it must not erase from memory those terrible events. The doors of the museum are open to visitors without a weekend.