Oxford is a city on the Thames with the oldest university. Description, photo
Oxford is one of the oldest citiesThe UK is the capital of the county of Oxfordshire. Located in the southern part of the island, on the banks of the River Thames. The city is known all over the world thanks to the best and prestigious University of England - Oxford.
Mentions and History
The first mention of the city refers to the beginning of Xcentury. In the oldest chronicle of England, "Anglo-Saxon Chronicles," it is mentioned that the monastery was located on the site of the present settlement. Already at the beginning of the 12th century, with the goal of educating the English population in the city, the construction of the country's first university began, which later became the most popular educational institution not only of the state, but of the whole world. It is thanks to students who come to this territory from all over the country, Oxford and became a real city.
In 1355 there was a pogrom, as a resultThe city on the Thames with an ancient university lost 63 students. Because of this, the settlement (or rather, its administration) had to pay 470 years (almost five centuries) a fine to the educational institution.
At present, there are about 160,000 people in Oxford, of whom about 30% are university students. Area of the city - 45 km2.
The city on the Thames has typical English, withfrosty snowy winters and warm, humid summers, the climate. Due to its proximity to the sea, it can be called moderate-marine. The average temperature in January is -8 ° C, July + 18 ... +22 ° C.
In the north-west of the city at a distance of 90 kmthe capital of England is located. Through the city on the Thames are major highways and railways linking the locality with the major centers of the kingdom.
Industry is practically not developing here. In the suburbs of the city there was an automobile plant, which in the early 2000's fell into decay, but still functions, releasing models of the BMW Mini. The entire economy of the city rests on the oldest university and remarkable historical sights.
Particular attention should be paid to the building of the Radcliffe Chamber. Within the walls of this building is one of the largest libraries in the world, numbering more than 2 million volumes of books.
On the territory of the university there are alsoother interesting objects. For example, the Tower of Magdalena - Gothic architectural structure of the XV century, the Oxford Cathedral and Botanical Garden, founded in 1621.
The city on the Thames has many museums. The most popular of them are also devoted to university subjects - the Oxford History Museum, the University Museum of Oxford.
The city on the Thames has six sister cities - in Nicaragua, Germany, Holland, France, Sweden. The Russian city of Perm is also the sister city of Oxford.
Since the city is one of the oldest in the country, then there are many historical objects that have survived to this day. The city attracts its medieval Gothic architecture.
University and colleges
The city on the Thames has the most importantSight. And this, of course, is Oxford University. It is a separate administrative unit, consisting of 38 colleges and 6 hostels. A quarter of students studying at the university are foreigners. Women began to take to school only at the beginning of the last century, and separate education was carried out before 1970.
The city on the Thames with the oldest universityis home to famous and unique people - 4 thousand teachers, many of whom are members of the Royal Society and the British Academy. The directions of students' training are carried out in 60 different scientific branches. In addition to educational, Oxford University is also a scientific center with a powerful library base. Among graduates of the university there are about 50 Nobel laureates, a large number of famous scientists, artists. J. Swift, Stephen Hawking, Tim Berners-Lee, Thomas Hobbes, Margaret Thatcher - they were all students of the university.
The city on the Thames with the university has its ownterritory colleges. Each of them obeys Oxford - this is a special historical and architectural landmark. The largest educational institution of this type is Christ Church, built in 1525. This aristocratic college has issued 13 prime ministers of England.