Steam generator for a shower cabin: types, principle of work + recommendations for selection and installation
There are plenty of people who want to bask in the home bath or sauna. However, to equip a similar steam room in a city apartment is not always possible. But there is a steam generator for a shower cabin that allows you to turn a shower box into a kind of Turkish mini-bath (hamam).
That's just the equipment should be chosen carefully. Models with different additional features in the stores offered a lot, but not all of them are worth the money.
How a steam generator works
A household steam generator is the simplest appliance that converts water into hot steam by heating it.
On the one hand, this device has a connector for connecting water supply, and on the other, there is an outlet for water vapor.
The steam generator for a shower cabin consists of the following parts:
- unit and control panel;
- waterproof case with heating chamber;
- temperature sensor;
- steam exhaust pipe;
- systems for adding aromatic oils to steam;
- cable to connect to the mains.
Cold water is supplied to it from a conventional cold-water pipeline through a flexible hose from a nearby water outlet with a shut-off valve. Another tap is available in the design of the steam generator itself. It is designed to drain the remaining water from the steam generation chamber.
When the power is turned on, the water in the device is heated to +1000C on the heating element. As a result, it goes into steam, which is squeezed into the steam discharge and then into the shower cabin due to the pressure that has arisen. As the latter is filled with steam, the temperature inside the box rises to the desired level, after which the steam generator turns off.
Thanks to the work of the domestic steam generator, the humidity inside the shower cabin can be raised to 100%. Here everything is at the request of being in the steam room. In this case, the temperature inside is usually within + 45–650C. In principle, it is possible to raise it to 80–90.0C, but this requires a more powerful steam generator, the usual device for operation will not work.
Most of the models of steam generators for bathrooms and steam rooms are made according to the flow-through scheme. They are always connected to the water supply. In this case, the water in the tank with the heating element in them enters through a special valve only as needed, but in automatic mode.
However, there are portable steam formers. They are not connected to the water supply system; they have to be poured manually in them before switching on. It is somewhat more difficult to operate them, but such devices can be taken to the dacha.
Selection of household steam generating equipment
Steaming with a broom in the shower with a steam generator is unlikely to succeed. The temperature of the steam is not that to get the proper effect. It is not for nothing that the equipment in question is compared with the Turkish traditional bath, in which the temperature regime is milder than in Russian.
It can not be equated to the Finnish sauna, where the air is dry and the temperature is high. Before you go to choose a steam generator for the shower, you must be clear about what will be obtained as a result of its operation. Russian bath with a broom - it is completely different.
Steam at 45–650C in a confined space of a shower box is a great way to relax. Such a temperature does not affect the human body as aggressively as in the case of a sauna or a Russian bath. And the benefits to humans are about the same.
By type of heating elementsteam generators are of three types:
- With TENG.
They all work at the expense of electricity. In an induction device, water is heated to a state of steam due to electromagnetic induction, and in an electrode device, by passing current through special electrodes. However, in most cases, household models of steam generators are equipped with heating elements. This is the cheapest equipment for water heating.
There are five main criteria for choosing a steam generator for a bathroom:
- Power device.
- Temperature parameters of steam at the exit.
- The performance of the steam generating unit.
- The volume of the tank with boiling water.
- The presence of automation and external control.
Powerdomestic steam generator varies from 1 to 22 kW. Conventionally, a cubic meter of shower requires about one kilowatt. But if the plans to install a steam generator for organizing a steam room indoors, then 10 kW is enough for a room of 13-15 cubic meters. Only wait for the air to warm up in this case will take a little longer. A small walled cabin space warms up much faster.
Some models are designed forsteam temperatureonly 55 or 600C, only to these parameters, they are able to heat the air in the shower stall. Structurally, the latter is not hermetic, the steam from the box still gradually goes into the bathroom and ventilation. It is difficult to overheat in such a kindling cabin. Moreover, when the temperature inside increases to a certain threshold, the sensor is triggered, as a result of which the generator simply turns off.
Volume of the tankcan reach 27-30 liters. But such models are bulky and designed for paired indoors. For a shower stall, it is better to select a 3–7 liter version.This volume is quite enough for "gatherings" for an hour, and more and is not necessary. Productivity varies within 2,5–8 kg / h. The higher it is, the faster the steam will fill the box.
Steam generator controlledthrough the buttons on the case or using the remote control. It is more convenient, of course, the second option.
To extend the life of the considered device, steam generating equipment should be selected withoverheating sensorandcleaning system. The first will prevent the failure of the heater, and the second will automatically remove scale from the tank. But we must clearly understand that in case of water oversaturated with lime, no auto-cleaning will help. Only relevant filters can help here.
Dushkabiny with built-in steam generator
In the plumbing stores, steam generators are found separately from showers and as an embedded option. In the first case, steam inside the box is supplied through a separate hose. The second option implies that the nozzles are already installed on the body of the booth, and you just need to connect them to the generator with appropriate tubes.
Usually the steam generator comes with a host of other additional functions. These include internal fans, aromatherapy, tropical rain showers, and “dry heat” (as in a Finnish sauna). The range of shower stalls is now huge, each manufacturer seeks to stand out in the market with something. But the more of all these additions, the more expensive the cabin goes to the buyer.
Independent manufacture of the device
Those who want to make a steam generator with their own hands will not have any special problems with the assembly. It is only necessary to choose a suitable enclosure and embed an electric heater in it. Most often, home craftsmen-craftsmen for this take a small cylinder out of gas. In this tank, a pipe is inserted for water supply and steam removal, and a heating element is installed inside.
The first minus of self-made installations for the production of steam in everyday life is low efficiency, therefore, it is difficult for them to work with factory models.
The second minus is the safety of use. On the one hand, it is water and electricity, and on the other, steam that creates pressure. Here and possible electric shock, and potential mini-explosions. In a high-rise building, it is not recommended to include such a steam generator in the network. Saving on the factory device, you can then pay off your health and get a lot of money, which will have to be spent on repairs in your apartment and your neighbors.
Features of the installation of a steam generator
The shower cabin must be adapted to operate the steam generator. If she does not have a lid on top, then a couple will need a lot. We'll have to heat the entire bathroom, not the small space of the box. However, some dushkabinki do not have such a roof and can not generally be operated with a steam generator.
Each shower cabin with a steam generator is equipped with forced internal ventilation. The greatest effect of steam is achieved just when convection of air inside.If there is no built-in fan, then its installation must be taken care of in advance. A low-power version of the standard for this plumbing is suitable for 12 V.
Ideally, the device should not be in the bathroom with a shower, but in the next room. With increasing humidity in the room, the risk of short circuits increases. The steam generator is an electric device.
It is best to install it somewhere outside, and in the bathroom to the shower cabin, only mount the steam line. But often this moment is neglected, since there is simply no such room nearby. We have to do the exhaust in the bathroom itself, so that the humidity in it is not so high.
The place for the steam generator should be selected so that it can be easily connected to the water supply, sewage and electricity. The pipe with steam is mounted with a slope so that the condensate drains and does not linger in it. The slope is better to do in the direction of the cabin. Among steam generators, there are models with a check valve at the outlet that prevents condensed water from flowing into the device.
Installation of the steam generator is made in five steps:
- Fastening the device on the body of the cabin or wall.
- Connection of water and sewer pipes.
- Connection of plastic steam line.
- Installation in the cabin temperature sensor.
- Connecting the steam generating chamber to the control unit and the power supply network with a three-core cable with ground connection.
Opposite the exit from the ferry it is forbidden to locate any wires. If the pipe breaks the pressure, then on the path of a hot stream of electrical wiring should not be.
After installation, the steam generator should be turned on and wait a few minutes until the first steam appears. Then the device must be turned off immediately. And literally in a couple of minutes it needs to be activated again. If the steam enters the booth, there are no leaks and the RCD did not work, then everything is done correctly. You can take a shower and steamed in the “Turkish bath”.
Steam in the shower stall should come from the bottom. You can not install steam nozzles over the head of a person and even above his knees. The possibility of a burn should not be forgotten.
In general, installing a steam generator is a simple process. With the installation is able to cope a little bit technically competent person.It is only necessary to dissolve water (pipes) and electricity (wires) so that they are as far as possible from each other.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Choosing a steam generator, first of all it is necessary to focus on the size and power of the device. But there are several other nuances. These videos will allow you to quickly understand all the functions and characteristics of the steam generator, as well as how it should be mounted.
Overview of duskabinki with built-in steam generator:
Possible malfunctions in the steam generator:
Even a novice master can build a steam generator into the shower stall. It is necessary to connect a pair of pipes (sewage + cold water) and a steam line to the device, and then plug it into a 220V outlet. Here it is only important not to allow the wiring to intersect with the hot tank or pipeline.