Temperaments of people: types and characteristics
Temperaments of people are individualfeatures of personality and character of each of them. Temperament and character of a person are the basic properties of his personality and personality. It reflects the characteristics of human behavior that are characteristic of him since birth, expresses the attitude of the individual to the world around him.
To a person for successful activities and communication withpeople simply need to take into account the temperaments of people and their characteristics. This reduces the likelihood of conflict situations and possible stresses.
Temperatures of people have been studied since the II century BC. e. It was then that Claudius Galen singled out four types that are used so far.
- Choleric. People with such temperament are unbalanced andhot-tempered. Their mood can change at any moment. In addition, they are characterized by frequent and violent outbursts of anger or other vivid manifestations of feelings. However, choleric people, as a rule, are very quick-witted and unblameable. They are very enterprising and energetic individuals who can take up any job with pleasure. But a long and monotonous work is not for them, and with time they get bored. Such people often do not bring up what they started before they are completed. Choleric - sharp, unrestrained, strong, impulsive, emotional and strongly pronounced personality.
- Sanguine. This is extremely energetic, restless, easy onlifting a person who is very fond of movement. Sanguine is characterized by rapid reaction, expressive facial expressions and gestures. Looks like a choleric, but more balanced. Also I am ready to take almost any job, but the maximum return will only be if the work provokes real interest. Sanguine is very sociable and easily adapts to the new environment. Emotional personality, but unlike the choleric, his experiences are not so deep. This type is characterized by impatience, inattention, restlessness, superficiality and even impermanence.
- Phlegmatic person. This type is the exact opposite of sanguineand choleric. People with this temperament, as a rule, are unhurried and unhurried. They prefer to do everything slowly and can not stand fast movements. Phlegmaticians do not seek to show their feelings and emotions. They are pragmatic, responsible and diligent. They do their work unhurriedly, but qualitatively, and they always finish what they started. Phlegmatic - persistent, slow, calm, persistent, persistent and stubborn personality.
- Melancholic. Very vulnerable, sensitive and secretive people. Melancholics are prone to sad thoughts and profound experiences. People of this type are characterized by restraint, muffled speech, slow motion, timidity, embarrassment and indecision. They can be both good workers who successfully go through life, and are closed, timid, vulnerable, prone to various inner experiences.
The human temperament is determined from the birthis an innate property of a person, unchangeable throughout life. However, temperament has always been the subject of scientific research. His study involved such famous scientists as Wundt, Kant, Pavlov. And the British psychologist Eysenck in the twentieth century developed a test for determining the temperament of a person. The test is a questionnaire of 50-100 questions. Thanks to this test, you can determine with sufficient accuracy the type of person's temperament.
Temperaments of people are completely different. But there is no worse or better of them. Therefore, when communicating, efforts must be made to determine and take advantage of the particular temperament.