Temples of India: from antiquity to our days
A country with an ancient history, deepnational traditions, a lot of religions and rituals - India and today is considered one of the most interesting places on the planet. Indian culture of antiquity has spawned a number of remarkable, completely unique temples, among which there are buildings with a thousand-year past and temples erected during the Middle Ages. There are quite modern masterpieces built in the second half of the 20th century. All the temples of India without exception have an enduring religious value, they contain sacred objects revered by the Indian people.
Undoubtedly, all the temples of India begin withPalace-mausoleum Taj Mahal, built in the 17th century by shah Jahan for his untimely departed wife, whom he loved more than life. Allah gave Shah and the beautiful Mumtaz 17 happy years of marriage, but at the birth of the last child the woman died. For more than twenty years, a palace was built in Agra from expensive translucent marble, precious stones and pearls. Huge swing doors were made of pure silver, the inner chambers breathed eastern luxury. After his death, Shah Jahan was buried next to his beloved Mumtaz. The Taj Mahal is the main temple in India, but there are many more masterpieces worthy of attention.
In the Indian city of Armitsar, right in the middlea holy lake with the same name, stands the golden Temple Harmandir-Sahib - shrine of the Sikhs. Approached pilgrims, before entering, perform the obligatory ritual of immersion in the waters of Armitsar. Sikhs are tolerant enough for religious beliefs, therefore it is permissible for a representative of any religion to enter their temple, but only after washing their feet. When you enter, you must also wear a hat. The temple is richly decorated with gold plates and a lot of precious stones both outside and inside.
Stunning temple complex is located inthe Indian village of Ellora in the state of Maharashtra. The temples of India in Ellora united three religions: Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. In total, the complex has 34 monasteries, in which monks have lived for centuries. And the most significant in the Ellora complex has always been and is common to all religions, carved into a monolithic rock, the temple of Kailasanath is the abode of Shiva. This temple was carved for a hundred years by several generations of stonemasons.
In the Indian state of Orissa, in the city of Puri,The temple of Jagannatha is a deity personifying Krsna. This temple is extremely isolated, the entrance to it is possible only for Hindus. The Hindu of any other religion can not enter, and Europeans and even more so. Hindus have a suspicion that people of the white race have long dreamed of stealing a wooden statue of Jagannatha from the temple. In order to see this unique attraction, it is enough to climb onto the roof of a nearby building. And the deity of Jagannath and other gods from the temple can be seen in the days of the chariots festival, which takes place in Puri every year.
The temples of India are reflected in the stateMadhya Pradesh - a wonderful complex called "Khajuraho". It consists of 22 buildings, some of which are dedicated to the god Shiva. One of the temples - Kandarya-Mahadeva - was built in the 9th century and was built for about a hundred years. It so happened that two hundred years later the temple was consigned to oblivion and for a long 700 years it disappeared in the dense Indian jungle. When the European colonizers discovered the temple, they tried not to advertise their findings, since all the walls of the building were covered with sculptures of a frankly erotic nature. However, at present Kandarya-Mahadeva is one of the most visited temples.
Temple Visvanath Kashi (which means the Golden Temple)located on the banks of the Ganges in the city of Varanasi. In the temple is one of the shrines of the god Shiva. In the Kashi temple, all Hindus of the country are dreaming, it is not possible for a Hindu to enter the temple, with this very strictly. Hindus consider bathing in the Ganges followed by a visit to the temple, the possibility of a complete cleansing of the soul. Kashi Visvanath is very richly decorated with real gold. Numerous domes have been spent on a ton of precious metal.
And the magnificent Temple of the Lotus, the Prayer House inDelhi. A masterpiece of sacred architecture of the second half of the 20th century. It is a huge lotus flower of 27 petals, built of white marble. The temple is surrounded by 9 pools. At the entrance of each visitor covers a sense of peace, I want to talk in a whisper, even thoughts do not arise to get the camera and click the shutter. There is a harmony of unity with the Temple of the Lotus. I want this feeling to last as long as possible. The temples of ancient India do not end there, but for their full description, more than one article will be needed.