The Order is a recognition of merits before the Fatherland
Everyone who defends the honor of his homeland,dreams of recognition. It is impossible to express it better than rewarding a soldier with an order. The history of our country includes many heroes whose feats were marked by the command of the army unit. Let's talk about this in this article.
Interpretation of the term
The Order is one of the most honorable stateawards, by which the rulers allocated their subjects for special merits. This sign of distinction came about through various secret societies, as well as the legendary Crusades. In this sense, the word "order" is treated as an organization of people united by a common goal. As a rule, they were directly related to the Catholic faith, and their members even gave monastic vows.
Representatives of this organization worespecial clothes, as well as insignia. Thus, the Order is also a reward. It has several degrees, which are assigned in stages depending on the merit of the person. Usually the order has three steps, rarely - four.
Awards during WWII
The Great Patriotic War became one of the mostterrible events in Russian history. Many human victims are an irreplaceable loss for our homeland. On the other hand, war is a time when people show their best qualities: courage, courage and courage. It is these soldiers who are not afraid to attack the enemy and help the wounded on the battlefield, carry out secret operations, destroy the enemy's equipment, were awarded various orders.
The most common type of mark of honor are the order for the release, the defense and the capture of these cities: Stalingrad, Moscow, Kiev, Warsaw, Prague and many others.
Awarded with the Order of the Red Star recognized heroes of the Soviet Union and forever fell into history.
As mentioned above, each insigniahas several degrees, which are awarded depending on the soldier's feat. For example, in order to receive the order of the first order, it was necessary, first, to be awarded with the second degree award, and also to perform an outstanding feat, say, to disable or destroy a large number of enemy equipment.
The system of awards in the Russian army has evolved since the formation of the state. For a long time it remained unchanged, and only with the first Emperor Peter I became different.
The list of awards of the New time opensthe award of St. Andrew. She is considered one of the most honorable in our country. By the way, it was awarded not only to people who performed feats, but also all the members of the imperial family, as well as the highest spiritual dignitaries of the country.
The Order of St. George the Victorious is a special signdifferences. It was never given to civilians. This award is intended solely for recognition of exploits on the battlefields. There are three degrees of orders listed above.
The era of Emperor Alexander II is characterized byan unprecedented number of people, both military and civil, awarded various orders. It was at this time that the commemorative medals first appeared, which were awarded during the anniversaries of important events for the state.
After the October Revolution, thethe royal system of Russia was changed. The previous orders and medals were invented by analogs, and the list of civilians who were honored with this or that sign of distinction was significantly reduced.
Order of the Red Star
In this case, the order is not just a symbolcourage. This recognition of the huge contribution to the defense of the USSR and liberation from the fascists. Rewarding such an award is made if the soldier showed personal courage during battles, managed to competently organize and coordinate the actions of his subordinates who helped to defeat the enemy. Secondly, a badge of distinction is given, if the military has done everything possible for the inviolability of the state border of the USSR. Third, the Order is awarded for the development of science and industry, providing the army with the latest technical developments.
History of the Order of the Red Star
The award was one of the first after the formation of the USSR. The development of its design was carried out by V. Kupriyanov and V. Golenetsky.
The first person to receive this order,became Marshal of the USSR V. Blucher. The military commander received this distinction in 1930 for an operation to repel an attack by Chinese troops near the Sino-East Railway.
1930's. are characterized by the appropriation of this award not only for feats during military operations. One pilot, when his team tested the aircraft and found a serious malfunction, climbed onto the wing and repaired it.
Any order is a recognition of exceptional qualities of a person, so you should be proud of your compatriots who have received the highest awards for their best qualities and perfect exploits.