Treatment of myocardial infarction
Myocardial infarction to date is considereda fairly common complication of ischemic heart disease. This diagnosis is often set. In the absence of help, this condition can lead to unfortunate consequences. That is why the treatment of myocardial infarction is very important. Do not neglect medical aid - at the first suspicions it is necessary to address to the doctor.
The main symptoms of myocardial infarction
It is worthwhile to understand that, the earlier the patient will beprovided the necessary medical care, the more rapid and effective will be the treatment of myocardial infarction. The main symptom is the presence of prolonged pain behind the sternum, which does not disappear with repeated intake of nitroglycerin preparations. Often, such pain can last for hours, but it's already half an hour after the onset of pain syndrome.
Sometimes patients feel only suffocation. Sometimes the pain is concentrated in the epigastric region. Sometimes a heart attack is accompanied by hypertension, an increase in body temperature, less often - a significant increase in heart rate.
First Aid Rules
From the timely and correctly rendered firstThe treatment of myocardial infarction also depends to a large extent. If you suspect a similar condition, you must immediately put the patient and limit physical activity. Remember that you can not ignore the pain or self-medicate - immediately call an ambulance. If possible, take the patient to the nearest hospital.
It is advisable to take a tablet of nitroglycerin. If it is not, you can try to stop pain with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, asprin or analgin.
When breathing is stopped, an indirect cardiac massage and artificial respiration technique should be used.
Treatment of myocardial infarction
Once again, it is worth emphasizing the importance of timelyprovided assistance. The patient must be taken to the intensive care unit as soon as possible. After all, only in the first few hours after the attack there is the opportunity to introduce a special drug that will dissolve the thrombus and restore the normal blood circulation of the heart muscle. The patient is then usually given aspirin and some other anticoagulants that will prevent the formation of new blood clots.
Often to treat patients in a similar stateuse beta-blockers. These drugs affect the cells of the heart muscle, reducing the activity of their work and, accordingly, the need for oxygen and nutrients. This helps prevent cell death and development of necrosis areas.
If conservative therapy does not providesome doctors prescribe a surgical intervention. To restore normal blood flow, cardiosurgeons perform so-called coronary balloon angioplasty. With timely assistance and a properly selected treatment, the prognosis for the patient is very encouraging.
Treatment after myocardial infarction
To begin with it is worth noting that rehabilitation afterthe transferred heart attack is a rather complicated matter. A few years ago, a sick person was hospitalized for a month. Today, the period of inpatient treatment has significantly decreased.
The patient needs a strict recumbent regimen, at leastthe first 3-4 days. After all, in this condition, the heart can not withstand the usual loads. Only in time the patient will be allowed to sit down and walk slowly - the first steps should be carried out only under the supervision of medical personnel. Excerpt from the hospital is possible only after all the necessary tests and studies.
But recovery from myocardial infarction lastsand at home in the next six months. During this period, the patient needs rest. Nervous overstrain, emotional arousal and exercise are categorically contraindicated. It is also necessary to take prescribed medications and comply with all medical recommendations. From bad habits it is necessary to refuse. But the correct diet and diet are very important for the full restoration of health.