What combinations of words are called phraseologisms? Examples and types of phraseology
In the modern world, people learn to develop in every possible wayhis diction, but mainly speech. In order to make their speech beautiful, bright, interesting and easy to perceive, people use phraseological phrases. What combinations of words are called phraseologisms?
What is phraseology?
Phraseological sciences are studying such a science asphraseology. Phraseologisms are expressions that consist of stable combinations of words. A distinctive feature of absolutely every phraseology is that it has a lexical meaning, close to one word (that is, it has a synonym). So, the question of what combinations of words are called phraseological units, a short answer can be given the following: phraseological units are stable expressions to which a synonym can be chosen.
Phraseologisms for many years were created by ordinary people, by no means philologists. Many phraseologicalisms were memorable expressions of famous people who received "wingedness.
Where and for what use phraseology?
Having understood what combinations of words are called phraseological units, it is necessary to find out where and for what they are used.
Winged expressions, that is, phraseological units,are used both in speech and in literary works. There are two types of phraseological units: colloquial and book. In conversations, phraseological units are used to transmit vivid emotions, as well as comparisons. In literary works by phraseological the author encourages his reader to sympathize with the hero, the expression of emotions, and also uses them to make the text easier to read, more interesting and easily perceived. In literary works, writers often use colloquial and everyday (that is, colloquial) phraseological units in the direct speech of the hero.
Today, phraseological units are no less popular than in the 19-20th centuries. They also find application in the speech of a person, as well as in works of literature.
Phraseologisms related to literature and the Russian language
Phraseologisms begin to be studied in schools at 4 and 5classes, and finish studying in 11. It is worth noting that in exams 9 and 11 classes, both in literature and in Russian, sometimes there are tasks with phraseological, especially often in the literature. Phraseological units are also studied in history lessons, as some refer to important historical events.
What combinations of words are called phraseologisms, examples:
- And Vaska listens and eats - this phrase is the first timesounded in the fable of Krylov, and later became so popular that it got the value of a winged one. In this phraseology, it is said about a person who is reproached for anything, and he does not pay due attention to these reproaches,
- A casket just opened - anotherphraseology, which is studied in literature lessons. The expression sounded in the fable of the same Krylov, and then became a phraseology. Its meaning: a simple and primitive way out of a situation that seemed incredibly complex.
- Without the Tsar in his head - this phrase was used by Gogol in the comedy "The Inspector General". In phraseology it is said about a stupid person, completely unintentional and unthinkable.
To beat the buckets - this phraseology was used in his work "Childhood" by Leo Tolstoy himself, after which he was used by the people. Phraseological means meaninglessly spent time.
Phraseological units associated with history
Many phraseological units are directly related to historical events. Sometimes in the lessons of history, if the school program allows it, as a diversion study phraseological units.
What combinations of words are called phraseologisms? Examples related to the story: Archimedean lever, Attic salt, throw glove, arcade idyll, Achilles' heel, Varfolomeevskaya night, etc. Many phraseological units begin with the proper name (the name of the area, the name of the person, etc.), such phraseological units are written with a small letters.
From this article we learned what combinations of words are called phraseological units.