What day is the northern fleet of Russia?
The Northern Flotilla was founded in 1933 on the 1stJune. It was the youngest fleet of the country, it was based in Murmansk - in the Kola Bay. The Order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy in 1996 established the Day of the Northern Fleet of Russia, we mark it on the first day of the first summer month.
From the history
Creation of a fleet in the North was also tried by Peter I. In those years, the Solombala shipyard was built in Arkhangelsk, thanks to which new warships appeared in Russia. In 1740, the Russian direction began to run Russian ships from the Norwegian Sea to Karsky, controlling the behavior of the Swedish fleet and defending its border.
Birthday of the Northern Fleet some historiansassociated with the First World War. In those severe years, the Northern Flotilla was established, which existed until 1920. Then, on its basis, the government formed the White Sea fleet, which was transformed in the same year into the Northern Navy.
The fleet could not be saved because of the reductionnaval forces. Two years later, that is, in 1922, the naval forces disbanded: some of the ships began guarding the border, some were transferred to fishing trawlers.
Day of the Northern Fleet of Russia: the second birth
In 1933, on the orders of the People's Commissar of Defense,The Baltic Fleet to the north crossed destroyers, patrol ships, submarines. Of these, the Northern Flotilla was formed with a base in Murmansk. At the same time, they began to build the first naval base in Polar. In 1937, the flotilla became the Northern Fleet under the command of Konstantin Dushenov, the flagship of rank 1.
Day of the Northern Fleet of Russia at that time was notnoted: it was not until the holidays. In 1941, the war began, which became a severe test for the young fleet. Combat ships constantly plowed the sea, increased power.
It was the only fleet, the numerical strengthwhose combat units grew during the war years. He covered the flank of the army against shelling enemy ships and landing, defended the sea traffic, violated the transportation of enemy cargo and took the initiative in their own hands.
Day of the Northern Fleet of Russia is now a memory ofthe selfless performance of duty, the courage and heroism of the North Sea, not only during the war years, but also in peacetime. After the war, the power of the fleet became even greater. It launched the launch of a ballistic missile, and raised the flag on the 1st Russian nuclear submarine. The basis of the modern fleet in the North is submarines torpedo and nuclear missile, anti-submarine and aircraft-carrying ships, anti-submarine and missile-carrying aircraft.
Day of the Northern Fleet of Russia 2013 was held asusually on the 1st of June. The holiday was celebrated in large measure in the northern regions, especially at the bases of Severomorsk, Gadzhievo, Zapadnaya Litsa, Polyarny. The essence of the triumph is that people support the personnel of ships, submarines, because the fleet's tasks are global: this includes nuclear deterrence, protection of economic zones, ensuring the safety of navigation, suppressing illegal activities, and fulfilling political tasks.