What is demilitarization?
The word "demilitarization" in Russian consists of two components and means a concept opposite to "armament" (literally, it can be translated as "disarmament").
- Demilitarization means the abolition of militaryarmament and fortifications on the agreed territory, pre-determined by the agreement of the parties, the prohibition to deploy in the territory of the armed forces. Such zones of demilitarization were usually created along the borders of states at the conclusion of a temporary ceasefire for the safety of the movement of civilians. For example, the strait (Magellan) or the canal (Suez) is demilitarized to ensure safe navigation. There are cases in history when this practice was conducted in relation to cities (Krakow - 1815).
- As an example of partial demilitarization -voluntary creation in the territory of various states of nuclear-free zones, where the use and deployment of nuclear weapons of mass destruction is prohibited. So, for example, according to the 1959 agreements between different countries, the Antarctica is declared fully demilitarized.
- What is "demilitarization" in the generally acceptedunderstanding of this word? Partial or complete refusal to conduct military training. By value, the opposite is "militarization," active arming and preparing for the conduct of future military operations.
- In the narrow sense of the word, it also means the transformation of any weapon into an exhibit when transferred to a museum, an actual write-off, meaning the refusal of combat employment.
More about war and peace, read in our article Will there be a war in Russia.